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Case name The South China Sea Arbitration (The Republic of Philippines v. The People's Republic of China)
Case description

On 22 January 2013, the Republic of the Philippines instituted arbitral proceedings against the People’s Republic of China under Annex VII to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (the “Convention”).  The arbitration concerned the role of historic rights and the source of maritime entitlements in the South China Sea, the status of certain maritime features in the South China Sea, and the lawfulness of certain actions by China in the South China Sea that the Philippines alleged to be in violation of the Convention.  China adopted a position of non-acceptance and non-participation in the proceedings.  The Permanent Court of Arbitration served as Registry in this arbitration.

Name(s) of Claimant(s) The Republic of Philippines ( State )
Name(s) of Respondent(s) The People’s Republic of China ( State )
Names of Parties
Case number 2013-19
Administering institution Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
Case status Concluded
Type of case Inter-state arbitration
Subject matter or economic sector Law of the sea
Rules used in arbitral proceedings - Other -
Treaty or contract under which proceedings were commenced Multilateral treaty
Treaty: UNCLOS

Language of Proceeding English
Seat of Arbitration (by Country) Netherlands
Arbitrator(s)

Judge Thomas A. Mensah (President)
Judge Jean-Pierre Cot
Judge Stanislaw Pawlak
Professor Alfred H. Soons
Judge Rüdiger Wolfrum

Representatives of the Claimant(s)

Agent
Solicitor General Jose. C. Calida (replacing Solicitor General Florin T. Hilbay as of 30 June 2016, who replaced Solicitor General Francis H. Jardeleza, as of 2 March 2015)
Office of the Solicitor General, Makati, Republic of the Philippines

 

Counsel

Paul S. Reichler
Lawrence H. Martin
Andrew B. Loewenstein
Foley Hoag LLP


Professor Bernard H. Oxman
University of Miami School of Law

Professor Philippe Sands QC
Matrix Chambers

Professor Alan Boyle
Essex Court Chambers

Representatives of the Respondent(s)

China did not appoint an agent. In a Note Verbale to the PCA on 1 August 2013, and throughout the arbitration proceedings, China reiterated “its position that it does not accept the arbitration initiated by the Philippines.”

Representatives of the Parties
Number of Arbitrators in case 5
Date of commencement of proceeding [dd-mm-yyyy] 22-01-2013
Date of issue of final award [dd-mm-yyyy] 12-07-2016  
Length of Proceedings 3-4 years
Additional notes

In accordance with Article 15(2) of the Rules of Procedure, at the request of the Arbitral Tribunal, the Registry is making arrangements for the preparation of unofficial Chinese translations of the awards rendered by the Arbitral Tribunal. 

Attachments Award or other decision
29-10-2015  English
12-07-2016  English

Other
15-04-2016  English
26-04-2016  English

Press Release
27-08-2013  English
27-08-2013  Chinese
27-08-2013  French
03-06-2014  English
03-06-2014  Chinese
03-06-2014  French
17-12-2014  Chinese
17-12-2014  French
17-12-2014  English
22-04-2015  English
22-04-2015  Chinese
22-04-2015  French
07-07-2015  English
07-07-2015  Chinese
07-07-2015  French
13-07-2015  English
13-07-2015  Chinese
13-07-2015  French
29-10-2015  English
29-10-2015  French
29-10-2015  Chinese
24-11-2015  English
24-11-2015  French
24-11-2015  Chinese
30-11-2015  French
30-11-2015  Chinese
30-11-2015  English
29-06-2016  English
29-06-2016  French
29-06-2016  Chinese
12-07-2016  French
12-07-2016  Chinese
12-07-2016  English

Procedural Order
27-08-2013  English
27-08-2013  English
02-06-2014  English
16-12-2014  English
21-04-2015  English

Transcript/Minutes
07-07-2015  English
08-07-2015  English
13-07-2015  English
24-11-2015  English
25-11-2015  English
26-11-2015  English
30-11-2015  English

Written submission
30-03-2014  English
30-03-2014  English
30-03-2014  English
30-03-2014  English
30-03-2014  English
30-03-2014  English
30-03-2014  English
30-03-2014  English
30-03-2014  English
16-03-2015  English
16-03-2015  English
16-03-2015  English
16-03-2015  English
16-03-2015  English
16-03-2015  English
16-03-2015  English
16-03-2015  English
13-07-2015  English
23-07-2015  English
23-07-2015  English
19-11-2015  English
19-11-2015  English
19-11-2015  English
19-11-2015  English
19-11-2015  English
30-11-2015  English
18-12-2015  English
18-12-2015  English
11-03-2016  English
11-03-2016  English
25-04-2016  English
25-04-2016  English
26-04-2016  English
28-04-2016  English
03-06-2016  English
30-06-2016  English

Image
07-07-2015  English
07-07-2015  English
07-07-2015  English
07-07-2015  English
07-07-2015  English
07-07-2015  English
07-07-2015  English
07-07-2015  English
07-07-2015  English
07-07-2015  English
07-07-2015  English
07-07-2015  English
07-07-2015  English
07-07-2015  English
30-11-2015  English
30-11-2015  English
30-11-2015  English
30-11-2015  English
30-11-2015  English
30-11-2015  English
30-11-2015  English
30-11-2015  English
30-11-2015  English
30-11-2015  English
30-11-2015  English
30-11-2015  English
30-11-2015  English
30-11-2015  English
 
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